Comparison between Nutritional Values in Cow’s Milk, and Goat Milk Infant Formulas


Abstract

The importance of nutritional value, acceptable taste and neutrality but, an adequate amount of nutrients leads to balanced and effective nutrition, which is meant by "healthy nutrition" (vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals) necessary to make the cells of the body. In recent years, factors such as social, economic and food values have had a significant impact on the food industry, because of the production of these new foods that have the required health-related properties and are marketed. Products using goat's milk include these new foods. The point of view of goat's milk is a valuable dairy product. The main objective of this study is to compare the formula of cow's milk and goat's milk compared to breast milk and to show the importance of goat milk formula because it contains important and essential elements of healthy nutrition as it contains calcium, magnesium and phosphorus higher than cow's milk formula but vitamin D and B12 were less than the formula of cow's milk. Although the proportion of protein and fat is lower in goat milk formula compared to the cow milk formula but there is a non-significant difference between protein, fat and lactose content of cow’s and goat’s milk. However, the difference was found in the fat globule in goat milk is less than cow's milk, which makes the formula of goat milk easier to digest and suitable for adults, infants and athletes. In this research, we will discuss the nutritional value of cow milk formula and goat products available in the market, "infant milk" and compare them with breast milk.



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