Interaction Positions among Medical Students and Students Trained as Educators and Psychologists
Introduction: The study was done to identify the importance of psychological factors that influence people in adopting certain positions in interaction: coercion, manipulation, non-violence, or non-involvement. Goal: The aim was to study the structure of interaction positions among medical students and future educators and psychologists. Materials and methods: Theoretical methods (analysis, comparison, specification, generalization); empirical methods and materials (a set of questionnaires that help reveal interaction strategies, and also factors that determine their acceptance; methods of mathematical statistics – φ* criterion: Fisher angular transformation); and correlation analysis using a Pearson linear product-moment correlation coefficient were used. Results: In the course of the study, 16 types of interaction among students were identified and described. The optimal type was where the dominant position was occupied by the position of non-violence. Positive and negative connections of positions of interaction with various factors were revealed. Discussion of results and conclusion: As a result, various models of students' behaviour in situations of interaction with other people were described; the main directions of work on the purposeful formation of students' position of nonviolence were highlighted. The obtained results can be used in the process of professional training of students - future physicians and future teachers - psychologists, as well as in the development of special programs for the formation of students ' ability to interact non-violently.