Characteristics of Different Methods of Training in Mastering the Specialty "Pharmacy"
The objective data about traditional, interactive, and distance learning methods in the specialty «Pharmacy» their characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages are limited. To analyze the characteristics of various teaching methods at the Far Eastern State Medical University. Sociological survey of students (n = 267) majoring in «Pharmacy» of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Biomedicine (higher education), and of the Medico-Pharmaceutical College (secondary education). The most characteristic advantages of traditional teaching methods include the availability of information (2,6), the ability of the teacher to control the student (2,51), and the objectivity of assessments (2,52). The advantages of interactive methods include the objectivity of the teacher's assessments, the ability to demonstrate creativity (2,31) and thematic training (2,27). The advantages of distance learning methods include objectivity of the teacher's assessments (2,35), convenience, and accessibility of information (2,33). The highest scores for traditional teaching methods can be explained by their simplicity and accessibility. The benefits of interactive learning methods are underestimated by respondents, probably due to the need for systematic training, as well as the application of knowledge in a specific situation and creative problem solving. The main advantages of distance education technologies include convenience, and the availability of information since it is published in free access, as well as the objectivity of the assessment - due to the use of computer testing. Traditional learning methods have the greatest advantages. A rational combination of all teaching methods is necessary for realizing the convenience and creative approach to form communications.