Dyslipidemia Relationship with Socioeconomic Status in East Champaran Population

Johra Khan, Mohammad A. Alaidarous, Asma Naseem


Background: The study was conducted to analyze variabilities in lipid profile in East Champaran, Bihar adults by age, gender, smoking, BMI, exercise and income. Method: Blood sample of 100 subjects of mean age 27±7 were analyzed for Total Cholesterol, HDL-Triglyceride, LDL-C. Mean±SD conc. of the total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol. Result: Total cholesterol was higher in individuals having blood pressure >120/80 mmHg than individuals having blood pressure (207±100 mg/dl vs 166±76 mg/dl; p=0.03). HDL-cholesterol was significantly higher in the younger age group (<30 yrs) than the older age group (>30 yrs) (45±10 mg/dl vs 41±9 mg/dl; p=0.03). The mean conc. of HDL-cholesterol was found significantly higher in the upper-income group (>25,000 Rs pm) than the lower-income group (<10,000Rs pm) (48±11mg/dl vs 40±8 mg/dl; p=0.001). The mean levels of triglycerides were significantly higher in males than females (191±88 mg/dl vs 154±74 mg/dl; p=0.02). Similarly, the mean value of triglycerides was significantly lower in individuals performing exercise than individuals who did not exercise (130±42 mg/dl vs 186±87 mg/dl; p=0.01), the mean triglyceride levels also were significantly higher in hypertensive individuals (207±100 mg/dl vs 166±76 mg/dl; p=0.03). Conclusion : This study showed that the level of lipids in blood and atherosclerosis relation is influenced by various lifestyle factors including smoking, daily physical activity, and socioeconomic status of the individual. Developing countries like India should consider these factors in health strategy planning.

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