Lifestyle Interventions Reduce the Risk of Type II Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases Development among Pre-diabetic Adults

Sang Ngoc Nguyen , Van Dinh Tran , Trinh Thi Mai Le , Hoang Thu Nga , Nguyen Thi Thi Tho

Abstract

This paper evaluated the effectiveness of community-based nutrition and physical activity program to change physical activity, dietary behavior, glucose level, and some metabolic parameters among adults aged 50-65 with pre-diabetes after a six-month intervention. Participants who were pre-diabetics and had at least 2 components of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in Hanam province, Vietnam were randomly assigned into the intervention (n=44) and control (n=49) groups. The intervention group received a health promotion package, whereas the control received 1 session of standard advice during six months.

Results showed that there were significant increases in the intervention group for physical activity outcomes, including moderate activity, walking time, total physical activity, and mean sitting time. A significant difference was also observed between intervention and control groups at post-test in walking time, total physical activity, and sitting time. For dietary behaviors, frequent use of salt was decreased significantly after 6 months for both groups while the intervention group's frequent intake of cooking oil was significantly reduced. Regarding fasting glucose level and other metabolic parameters after 6-month intervention, reduction in fasting glucose level were found in the intervention but increased in the control group. Significant improvement in HDL-C and diastolic blood pressure among the intervention in comparison to the control group was reported. A significant reduction in weight in the intervention group in comparison with the control group was also found after the 6-month intervention. This program successfully improved dietary behaviors and physical activity, fasting glucose level, and cardiovascular risk among adults with pre-diabetes in Vietnam.


How to cite:
Vancouver
Nguyen S N, Tran V D, Le T T M, Nga H T, Tho N T T. Lifestyle Interventions Reduce the Risk of Type II Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases Development among Pre-diabetic Adults. Int j pharm res allied sci. 2021;10(2):94-102. https://doi.org/10.51847/8RpiSiVJRG
APA
Nguyen, S. N., Tran, V. D., Le, T. T. M., Nga, H. T., & Tho, N. T. T. (2021). Lifestyle Interventions Reduce the Risk of Type II Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases Development among Pre-diabetic Adults. International Journal Of Pharmaceutical Research And Allied Sciences, 10(2),94-102. https://doi.org/10.51847/8RpiSiVJRG