Sarcoid Heart Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review

Fayez EL Shaer , Shahd Al-Awad , Abdulmohsen Alghamdi , Amer AlFaqih Hamdan Al Shehri , Mostafa Alshimiri

Abstract

Sarcoid Heart Disease (SHD), often misdiagnosed as tuberculosis is a potentially life-threatening condition. Cardiac manifestation of sarcoidosis is a challenging clinical condition as it is associated with pericarditis, heart block, ventricular arrhythmias, valve dysfunction, ventricular aneurysm, sudden cardiac death, and heart failure. This study presents a case of a syncopal attack due to complete heart block, which is the first indication of SHD. The study has also presented a literature review on the various management options employed for therapeutic and effective management of SHD. The study has proposed treatment approaches, such as Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Insertion of an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD) in patients with complete heart block to improve the quality of life and increase overall survival rates.


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